Against violence against women
A man's wife is an easy scape goat for all a man's frustrations, especially in poor and traditional cultures. Violence against women and girls, which permit the perpetuation of the patriarchal system, are numerous. They have dramatic consequences on the physical and mental health of the woman, on the harmony of the family, and on the future of the children. Discriminated against and without self-esteem, the women perpetuate the imposed model, notably in the violence against their own daughters, often accused of having been raised for the benefit of others, that is to say for their future in-laws.
Planète Enfants works to restore their legitimacy to women and to give them tools to better understand and act in their turn against violence.
In Nepal violence against women takes many forms from the deprivation of education to barbaric tortures like "burning" (the woman is burned alive) and including ordinary violence like harassment and daily blows. The studies done by Nepalese non-profits show that nearly every woman feels or has felt that she has been a victim of violence, most often physical.
Naturally it is the patriarchal culture, which considers all women as being inferior to men, that is at the root of this violence. But there is also a social source for this violence. For example the practice of giving dowries makes girls expensive (the dowry is paid to the parents of the husband) and useless (after the marriage the woman is settled with her in-laws and takes care of her parents-in-law.) An Indian proverb summarizes this reality: "To raise a daughter is to water the neighbor's garden." Not to have sons is considered a curse.
Girls are sent to school even less frequently than boys; half of all Nepalese women are illiterate. There is a law, passed in 2009, which makes violence against women a severely punishable legal offense, but it is still unknown and is not enforced.
Moreover violence against women has direct consequences on the phenomenon of trafficking, particularly trafficking of children. In fact, as long as women experience violence the mothers cannot build ramparts of protection necessary for their children. If they are ignorant how can they warn their daughters against the siren promises of work in India? Without confidence in themselves how can they take a stand against the risky migration of their young son, who is only 14?
Finally domestic violence against their mother and against them pushes children, with the hopes of a better life, to run away from their families even though they are too young, ill prepared, and vulnerable to exploitation.
ALL victims of trafficking have a history of domestic violence.
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