CHILDHOOD IN DANGER: Prevention of childhood in the street in urban zones and protection against violence

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bidonville  manohara ktmFor more than 10 years Planète Enfants has worked with the children of the streets in Nepal. In spite of the existence of numerous structures to help them, the number of wandering children increases every year, particularly in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Having experienced the frequent failure of reintegration of the child with their families, Planète Enfants has had to reinvent its methods of intervention so that the child would not once again return to the streets.

The program "Childhood in danger" is targeted at the mothers in the slums and their children. The objective is to create a culture of responsibility towards the children of the slums so that they will not wish to flee to the streets.

Launched in 2008 in the slums of Manohara in Khatmandu, it was duplicated in the slums of Paurakhi Basti at the beginning of 2010.

The program wishes to be both global and pragmatic: that is the reason the protection of children also goes through assistance to the most vulnerable mothers. It includes the creation of groups of women and a youth club for children and teens between 10 to 15 years of age, and the creation of a nursery school in the community for 2-5 year olds.

Its objectives are to reinforce the capacities of mothers in difficult situations through literacy classes and a program of sensitization to the rights of Man and the rights of the Child; to encourage the development of a protective environment for the child; to guide pre-teens and teens through the creation of a youth club for children and teens by offering them a meeting place in which to relax, to meet, and to develop relationships of responsibility by the older towards the younger children.
And, of course, to sensitize them to the dangers and the risks of living in the streets...

Discover the small group of young children, as well as their teacher in Paurakhi Basti, through this short film shot a few months after the opening of the nursery school:

Key statistics

Number of beneficiaries:
- 40 children in nursery schools per year
- 150 adolescents in clubs
- 200 women in literacy classes, 40 trained for community protection

Duration of a program: 18 months
Number of projects initiated: 2
Size of the team working on each project: 10

Local Partner 

Child Watabaran Center Nepal is an organization founded in 2001 in order to rehabilitate and reintagre the children of the streets. It includes runs shelters, educates children or guides them toward professional training in order to reintegrate them socially and economically. It is a member of "the Alliance for the children of the streets of Khatmandu." CWCN is in partnership with Planète Enfants for the program for prevention of childhood in the streets in the slums.

Impact of youth clubs: testimonial

« Namaste ! My name is Nirjala, I am 13 years old and I moved to Paurakhi Basti with my mother 4 years ago. Before that I lived in Dharan in the Eastern part of Nepal. I am in 8th grade (equivalent to French 4ème) at Gujeswori high school in Khatmandu. I like to dance and to read books. When I grow up I want to be a social worker, like those who take care of the Youth club and of the community. My mother is a cleaning lady. My dearest wish is to earn enough money to help her financially.

Generally I wake up early in the morning. Before leaving for school I prepare tea for my mother and myself. Then I go to class from 6 until 11 in the morning. I go home for lunch, then I go to the youth club to read and see my friends. We talk and have fun together.
My mother has a friend who has a beauty salon, so sometimes I go there to see how she works and learn a little about being a beautician. At the end of the day I go home to fix dinner and I go to bed early.

In the youth club I participate in lots of activities. For example, I followed some trainings that taught me how to manage my anger, to have more confidence in myself, to see things in a positive manner, and to choose my friends. I also participated in the publication of a newsletter for youth in the community and in the quiz organized by the club."

Technical file

Geographical location: disadvantaged urban zones

Beneficiaries: vulnerable families, children from 3 to 6 years, and youths 10 to 18 yearss

Intervention strategy
Respect for the rights of the Child
-Creation of youth clubs to provide structure for their free time
-Creation of "committees of protection" in order to identify cases of violence and learn how to deal with them
-Opening of nursery school to welcome 2 to 5 year olds

Education and information for vulnerable communities
-Establishment of groups of women, literacy classes and information on the protection of children, their rights and the laws

Improvement of quality of life
-Revenue-generating activities
-Micro-savings groups
-Professional training for teens (15 to 18 years)

Reintegration of victims
-Legal support provides access to justice for victims
-Assistance to former victims of trafficking and violence

 

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